|Before the Dam was built|
We did not do a tour of the Dam at this time, and will have to return for that. What we did not know was that you had to go through security (like a courthouse or airport); we had knives on us (and Jim's cane) which are not allowed in the Dam. Next time we will be better equipped. We will also probably camp at Lake Mead since they have FHU RV sites.
For millions of years, the Colorado River carved a 1400 mile course from Colorado's Rocky Mountains to the Gulf of California. As early as 600 A.D., humans worked to harness its water for their use, and in the years of western settlement, growing populations came to rely on its waters for sustenance.
In the 1800s and 1900s, the river often flooded low-lying farmland and communities in the spring and early summer as it surged with water from melting snow. In late summer and early fall, it often dried to a trickle, too low to divert. To protect the low-lying lands from flooding, and to assure a stable, year-round water supply, the river needed to be controlled.
But before the river could be managed, its waters had to be equitably divided among the seven states it serves. In 1922, a representative from each state and the Federal Government met for this purpose and created the Colorado River Compact. Signed in November 1922, this agreement divided the Colorado River Basin into an upper and a lower half, and gave half of the river's annual estimated flow to each basin.
|The Hoover Dam|
|Jim on the walkway (John behind him with the camera)|
|Note the Colorado River Bridge|
|Another view looking down|
|Winged Figures of the Republic|
Oskar J.W. Hanen created the Winged Figures of the Republic. He believed that the orientation of many ancient buildings included messages from their builders to people of the future. He designed the art on Monument Plaza with that in mind.
Memorial "They Died to Make the Desert Bloom"
Lake Mead is the largest man-made lake in the United States. When full, it contains enough water to cover the entire state of Pennsylvania to a depth of one foot. Between 1998 and 2015, prolonged drought caused the lake level to drop 150 feet.