|Amy Dawn Morris|
So, what is a doll? Dolls are usually thought of as three-dimensional human images made for children. There are dolls that come from graves in Peru, Italy, Greece, and Egypt. The first dolls were made of stone, wood, clay, leather or cloth. They may have been used more as religious objects, but some have been found buried with children. Germany, known for making wooden toys, mass produced the first wooden dolls for export in the early 1800s. Toy fairs were held with the commercial buyers coming from many countries. By the 1850s, doll heads were made of papier mache pressed in a mold. Some were dipped in wax. Bodies were constructed from wood, cloth, and/or leather.
Porcelain was introduced from China and doll heads, hands, and feet began to be made of bisque and china, with the bodies still made of cloth, leather and wood. France and Germany competed to see who could make most beautiful dolls. Manufacturers won awards for their dolls at world expositions. Doll makers tried many mediums, using celluloid, tin, and rubber. Rubber dolls could "drink" and "wet."
During WWII hundreds of doll companies opened in the U.S.A. Exports from Europe stopped because factories now made war supplies and shipping was halted as ships were sunk. Dolls were now primarily made of composition, a mixture of ground wood or paper combined with glue. After the war imports resumed, including cheap imports from Japan. The Depression came and many U.S. doll manufacturers closed. WWII stopped German imports and the U.S. companies now took over the doll industries.
Dolls were made of composition, followed by hard plastic in the 1940s and then vinyl in the 1950s. Dolls are usually classified by the material used to manufacture their heads. Bodies are not taken into consideration. For example, bisque head dolls may have bodies made of bisque, leather, cloth, wood, or composition. Dolls today are made of many materials and have become more than just toys as adults collect them for their beauty.
The dolls is the lower left are Edith Flack Ackley dolls from the 1930s. During her lifetime she made hundreds of all cloth dolls stuffed with cotton and thread. In 1934 Edith Flack Ackley doll kits included unbleached muslin with patterns. The kit was offered through the magazine Woman Home Companion.
|Inside the above doll house|
|Child's room (above, middle right)|
|Kestner Character Baby, circa 1910, Germany|
CM Bergmann Doll Factory, Walterhausen Thuringia Germany, Head by Simon & Halig, circa 1889.
|Godey's Little Lady Dolls 1940s|
|Dy Dee Baby, an almost Human Doll|
|We have a set of these Union Building stone blocks from Jim's Mom|
|Depiction of Battle of Waterloo|
The Battle of Waterloo was a one day battle on June 18, 1815 near Waterloo in today's present day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.
The following come from a collection of Barbie Dolls with costume creations by Bob Mackie, designer to Hollywood stars.
|Neptune Fantasy Barbie|
|More Barbie Dolls|
I found some interesting facts about Barbie: Did you know that her full name is Barbie Millicent Roberts? (I did not even know she had a last name!) She was named after the daughter of her creator, and was inspired by a German fashion doll named Bild Lilli. Another fact of Barbie is her birthday - do you know what that is? Well, I did not. It's March 9, 1959, and her birthplace is Willows, Wisconsin. Besides her little sister Skipper, Barbie also has cousins named Todd, Stacie, Kelly, Krissy, and Francie.
That ends the Barbie creations. Now, here are the rest of the dolls and toys in the museum.
|Schoenhut Circus Collection|
|Dianne Quintuplets Composition Dolls|
|The owner's favorite dolls|
|Boudoir Doll & Costumes|
|George Washington's Carriage at Mount Vernon|
|Pierre, born in Paris, France in 1910|